Case study:Source to Sea Programme

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Location: 54° 1' 38", -2° 48' 14"
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Project overview

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Status In progress
Project web site
Themes Economic aspects, Habitat and biodiversity, Land use management - agriculture, Social benefits, Water quality
Country England
Main contact forename Richard
Main contact surname Cooper
Main contact user ID User:S2S-PO
Contact organisation RSPB
Contact organisation web site http://
Partner organisations Cumbria Wildlife Trust, Cumbria Woodlands, Lune Rivers Trust, Morecambe Bay Partnership, Arnside & Silverdale AONB Partnership, South Cumbria Rivers Trust, RSPB
This is a parent project
encompassing the following
Source to Sea Programme – 1. Leighton Moss Resource Protection, Source to Sea Programme – 10. River Gilpin, Foulshaw and Winster Restoration, Source to Sea Programme – 11. River Rawthey, Source to Sea Programme – 2. Pan-Morecambe Bay Wetlands and Waterbodies Restoration, Source to Sea Programme – 3. Upper Wenning Restoration, Source to Sea Programme – 4. River Kent tributaries, Source to Sea Programme – 5. Borrowdale Moss, Peatland Restoration, Source to Sea Programme – 6. Roeburn Ford easement, Source to Sea Programme – 7. Beckfoot Ford, Barbon Beck, Source to Sea Programme – 8. River Keer Restoration, Source to Sea Programme – 9. Kent, Leven and Duddon Estuaries beach cleans and volunteer ambassadors
River Lune - Source to Sea area

Project summary

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Morecambe Bay and its river catchments should be considered as one interacting entity. Therefore, the Source to Sea Programme is a pan-Morecambe Bay Catchment Restoration Fund initiative that encompasses restoration projects for a range of waterbodies, protected sites, and associated priority habitats and species. The project will restore the natural connections along watercourses (removing barriers) and between water-courses and their floodplains and headwaters (restoring habitats). The project works in partnership with landowners and managers to bring about land management change to benefit water quality and raises awareness amongst Morecambe Bay coastal communities. Diffuse pollution, a lack of riparian habitat, unnatural flow regimes attributable to upland drainage and obstructions to fish passage are causing certain watercourses in the project area to fail to meet the required standards under the Water Framework Directive (WFD). Fish populations, particularly salmonids, have been found to be greatly diminished. To ensure that the failing waterbodies achieve Good Ecological Status under the WFD, the project aims to improve the habitat and connectivity in order to generate sustainable fish populations. The creation of wetland habitats and riparian buffer zones will reduce diffuse pollution from farmland and roads, and some upland drainage grips are to be blocked to encourage a sustainable return to natural flow regimes.

Community Involvement - Engagement activities will include public consultations, practical volunteering activities like beach cleans, and tree planting, and awareness-raising through media and face-to-face contact.

Monitoring surveys and results

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Lessons learnt

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Image gallery

Project 1 - Leighton Moss
Project 2 - Pan-Morecambe Bay wetland management
Project 3 - Upper Wenning restoration
Project 4 - River Kent restoration
Project 5 - Borrowdale Moss
Project 6 - Roeburn Ford easement
Project 7 - Barbon Beck
Project 8 - River Keer restoration
Project 9 - Beach cleans and Volunteer Ambassadors
Project 10 - River Gilpin
Project 11 - River Rawthey

Catchment and subcatchment


WFD water body codes GB 31 229 647, GB 53 120 721 2100, GB 11 207 206 5840, GB 11 207 206 5880, GB 11 207 307 1260, GB 11 207 307 1220, GB 11 207 307 1300, GB 11 207 307 1050, GB 11 207 307 1240, GB 11 207 306 4450, GB 11 207 206 5860, GB 11 207 206 5850, GB 11 207 206 5990, GB 11 207 307 1430, GB 11 207 307 4640, GB 11 207 307 1370, GB 11 207 307 1430, GB 11 207 207 1770, GB 11 207 206 6020, GB 11 207 207 1700, GB 11 207 306 4430, GB 11 207 307 1420, GB 11 207 307 1350, GB 11 207 307 1290, GB 11 207 307 1030, GB 11 207 207 1710
WFD (national) typology
WFD water body name
Pre-project morphology
Reference morphology
Desired post project morphology
Heavily modified water body No
National/international site designation
Local/regional site designations
Protected species present No
Invasive species present No
Species of interest
Dominant hydrology
Dominant substrate
River corridor land use
Average bankfull channel width category
Average bankfull channel width (m)
Average bankfull channel depth category
Average bankfull channel depth (m)
Mean discharge category
Mean annual discharge (m3/s)
Average channel gradient category
Average channel gradient
Average unit stream power (W/m2)

Project background

Reach length directly affected (m)
Project started 2012/06/28
Works started
Works completed
Project completed 2015/03/31
Total cost category 1000 - 5000 k€
Total cost (k€) 1350
1,350 k€
1,350,000 €
Benefit to cost ratio
Funding sources Catchment Restoration Funds

Cost for project phases

Phase cost category cost exact (k€) Lead organisation Contact forename Contact surname
Investigation and design
Stakeholder engagement and communication
Works and works supervision
Post-project management and maintenance

Reasons for river restoration

Mitigation of a pressure Diffuse pollution
Hydromorphology Quantity & dynamics of flow, Continuity for organisms, Continuity of sediment transport
Biology Fish
Other reasons for the project


Structural measures
Bank/bed modifications Blocking of certain grips, Tree planting
Floodplain / River corridor Creation of wetland, Riparian planting, Fencing of riparian zone, Improving fish migration
Planform / Channel pattern
Non-structural measures
Management interventions
Social measures (incl. engagement) Awareness raising, Media
Other Practical volunteering activities like beach cleans, Public consultation


Hydromorphological quality elements

Element When monitored Type of monitoring Control site used Result
Before measures After measures Qualitative Quantitative

Biological quality elements

Element When monitored Type of monitoring Control site used Result
Before measures After measures Qualitative Quantitative

Physico-chemical quality elements

Element When monitored Type of monitoring Control site used Result
Before measures After measures Qualitative Quantitative

Any other monitoring, e.g. social, economic

Element When monitored Type of monitoring Control site used Result
Before measures After measures Qualitative Quantitative

Monitoring documents

Additional documents and videos

Additional links and references

Link Description

Supplementary Information

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