Case study:Albbruck-Dogern (bypass and nature-like pool pass)

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Location: 47° 35' 9", 8° 7' 59"
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Project overview

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Status Complete
Project web site
Themes Economic aspects, Fisheries, Hydropower
Country Switzerland
Main contact forename Rolf-Jürgen
Main contact surname Gebler
Main contact user ID User:Kasvio
Contact organisation Ingenieurmeinschaft Gruner/Kelag
Contact organisation web site http://www.radag.de
Partner organisations Rhein Kraftwerk Allbruck-Gogern AG, Ing. Büro Kesselring
Parent multi-site project
This is a parent project
encompassing the following
projects
No
The discharge in the bypass is at the moment 5 m3/s that is also the maximum discharge to the near nature bypass (photo:Pinja Kasvio).

Project summary

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The hydroelectric power plant at the High Rhine is designed as a diversion-channel type. The discharge in the River Rhein is at the moment high, 1610 m3/s (1484 m3/s). The discharge to the fish way is always at the minimum 600 l/s (max 800 l/s). In addition to the main power station (Q = 1000 m³/s) a new second power station (Q = 300 m³/s) was installed at the diversion weir to feed the natural river bed with a sufficient discharge. In the course of this project a permanent near-natural running water, with a length of about 900 m and a discharge of 2-5 m³/s has been installed at the left embankment. If the discharge in the river is higher than 1200 m3/s then the max discharge is let to the bypass channel.

The total height of 10.4 m is established by a near-nature water course with a slope of 0.8% and a steeper downstream end. At the upper end the water course is divided into two arms: the rock-cascade-pass (Q = 0.8-3.0 m³/s) leads straight onto the river bed at the left bank. The second arm, designed as a vertical-clot-pass connects the water course with the tailwater of the turbine outlet. Above the turbine outlet a collection gallery with different fish entrances is installed. The total discharge at the outlet varies between 0.6 m³/s and 4.0 m³/s. The height difference in the fish ladder steps are 20–30 cm.

Before the (re)contruction of the plant there was insufficient residual water flow (3‐8 m3/s) due to the diversion, section for the existing power plant “Albbruck Dogern”, interrupted continuum by river weir, interrupted fish migration, low fish population and low population of aquatic fauna. After the contruction work of the plant there has been immediate increase of the residual water flow: 3.8 m3/s to 40 m3/s; from the 1st January 2008 up to 70‐100 m3/s. Creation of a nature like fish ladder with collection gallery, renaturing of former gravel islands, upvaluation of a birdisland. New weir‐power plant extension uses in operation a water flow of min. 200 m3/s. Implementation of the ecological measures lasted until year 2012. Hydromorfological improvements concerned the connection of the sidewater Alb to the Rhine, creation of a nature like bed structure in the diversion with gravelbars and ecological improvements in the whole area of the river diversion and in the river course under the weir. Also there was ecological improvements of the ecological diversity of the shoreline. Now many migratory fish uses the bypass channel. For example the grayling spawns in the bypass channel.Also the area is open for the residents to walk along the channel. The new chanel is also very attractive for birds and insects.

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Image gallery


River Rhine, Albruck / Dogern (D): Diversion of the discharge into two courses: rock cascade pass, vertical slot pass with collection gallery.
The end of the fish pass - the vertical slot and the fish way (photo: Pinja Kasvio)
The bypass channel (photo Pinja Kasvio)
Added wood material (photo: Pinja Kasvio)
The start of the technical fish pass (photo Pinja Kasvio)
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Catchment and subcatchment



Site

Name
WFD water body codes
WFD (national) typology
WFD water body name
Pre-project morphology
Reference morphology
Desired post project morphology
Heavily modified water body No
National/international site designation
Local/regional site designations
Protected species present No
Invasive species present No
Species of interest
Dominant hydrology
Dominant substrate
River corridor land use Urban
Average bankfull channel width category
Average bankfull channel width (m)
Average bankfull channel depth category
Average bankfull channel depth (m)
Mean discharge category more than 1000 m³/s
Mean annual discharge (m3/s) 1610 m3/s
1,610,000 l/s
Average channel gradient category
Average channel gradient
Average unit stream power (W/m2) New 300, old 1100
"New" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.


Project background

Reach length directly affected (m) 900
900 m
0.9 km
90,000 cm
Project started 2008/01/01
Works started
Works completed 2012/07/01
Project completed 2012/07/01
Total cost category more than 10000 k€
Total cost (k€) 4 milj €
"milj€" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.
Benefit to cost ratio
Funding sources

Cost for project phases

Phase cost category cost exact (k€) Lead organisation Contact forename Contact surname
Investigation and design
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Works and works supervision
Post-project management and maintenance
Monitoring



Reasons for river restoration

Mitigation of a pressure Hydropower
Hydromorphology Flow velocities
Biology Fish: Abundance
Physico-chemical
Other reasons for the project


Measures

Structural measures
Bank/bed modifications Creation of fish ladders
Floodplain / River corridor Creation of side channel
Planform / Channel pattern
Other
Non-structural measures
Management interventions
Social measures (incl. engagement)
Other


Monitoring

Hydromorphological quality elements

Element When monitored Type of monitoring Control site used Result
Before measures After measures Qualitative Quantitative

Biological quality elements

Element When monitored Type of monitoring Control site used Result
Before measures After measures Qualitative Quantitative

Physico-chemical quality elements

Element When monitored Type of monitoring Control site used Result
Before measures After measures Qualitative Quantitative

Any other monitoring, e.g. social, economic

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Monitoring documents



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Supplementary Information

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